DAKAR, 31 May 2011 (IRIN)
Summary of aid successes and shortfalls among major donors in 2010.
European Union (EU) member states made pledges to provide 0.56 percent of gross national income (GNI) as official development aid by 2010, with a view to increasing to 0.7 percent by 2015. Together, they missed this target by US$21 billion; delivering just under four fifths of the commitment.
The UK met the 0.56 percent goal, putting US$8.5 billion towards development aid in 2010; Germany gave 0.38 percent at $7.8 billion; and the US $18.5 billion - or 0.21percent of GNI.
The worst EU aid performers in terms of the proportion of GNI are Italy, Greece, Portugal, Austria and Germany. Best-performing are Sweden, Denmark, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Belgium.
G8 and EU aid to sub-Saharan Africa was the highest on record in 2010 at US$18.2 billion; but lower than commitments pledged by G8 leaders in 2005.
Assistance to sub-Saharan Africa has increased by $19.6 billion since 2000 - $15.6 billion of it coming from G7 countries (France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK, USA and Canada).
The G7 delivered 60 percent of the increase they promised to sub-Saharan Africa in 2005 - largely because the USA, Japan and Canada surpassed their targets, and the UK delivered 86 percent of its commitment, with an increase of $2.55 billion.
Italy, Germany and France are mainly responsible for the shortfall. Italy’s aid to sub-Saharan Africa has declined by $78million since 2004.
(Sources: 2011 World Bank global monitoring report; ONE Data Report 2011, AidWatch)